Since 1st April, 2014 till date, the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has resolved 180 cases through a Mutual Agreement Procedure (MAP). The total amount of income locked- up in dispute in these cases is approximately Rs. 5,000 crore. The resolved cases pertain to various sectors of the economy like software services, IT enabled services, manufacturing and consultancy services, etc. The countries with which cases have been resolved are USA, Japan, United Kingdom and China.
MAP has emerged as an effective alternative tax dispute resolution mechanism. Its use to resolve disputes has provided comfort to foreign investors and also reduced the number of cases under litigation. This is one of the actions taken by CBDT to ensure a fair and judicious dispute resolution regime to encourage foreign investment. In the last two years, increased focus on MAP has resulted in resolution of large number of disputes relating to double taxation.
Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAAs) i.e. Tax Treaties signed by India with various countries contain an Article to relieve taxpayers from double taxation through a Mutual Agreement Procedure (MAP). Internationally, the MAP is an important mechanism to resolve tax disputes between countries. The MAP program is led by one or more Competent Authorities designated by the signatory countries to resolve tax disputes under the provisions of each treaty.